The 8th edition of the MLA style guide identified "core elements" as basic pieces of information that should be common to all source types DVDs, print or digital books, journal articles, comments on blogs, etc. The MLA core elements are as follows:.
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- MLA Style for Electronic Sources.
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- MLA Sample Works Cited Page // Purdue Writing Lab.
- MLA Sample Works Cited Page?
If a particular core element is not deemed relevant to a particular source type, it can be omitted from the citation. For example, a YouTube video may not be associated with a particular version, and the works cited citation will therefore not include a version number p. Note on containers : A source is sometimes part of a larger work. For example, a journal article is part of a larger whole - the journal in which it was published.
The journal, in turn, may be located in a database. For citation purposes, the larger whole ex. Once you understand the basic principles of citation, you can apply them to any source type, without concern to the actual format or medium of publication. While the MLA guidelines reflects this approach, we have developed specific examples for commonly used source types for you. If you directly quote from, summarize or use the ideas or arguments from a book or article, then list the author's last name, followed by a space and the page number without any other punctuation i.
Sample Papers in MLA Style
If you incorporate the author's name in the text of your paper, only provide the page number in parentheses, for example:. Forer states that "corporal punishment was employed as a legally imposed penalty in Colonial America" If a quotation is more than four lines when typed into your paper, begin the quotation double-spaced on a new line that is indented by 2.
The quotation should be double-spaced. Do not use quotation marks.
What is MLA?
Also note that the period is placed before the parenthetical citation pp. For example:.
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- MLA In-Text Citations: The Basics // Purdue Writing Lab;
At the conclusion of My Side of the Mountain , Sam realized how much he had missed his family:. Then I jumped in the air and laughed for joy. I recognized my four year-old brother's pleasure song.
MLA Citation Examples - UMGC Library
The family! Dad had brought the family! Every one of them. I ran, twisting, and turning through the trees like a Cooper's hawk, and occasionally riding a free fifty feet downhill on an aspen sapling. Dad gave me a resounding slap, and Mother hugged me until she cried. I led them proudly up the mountain.
George Many electronic sources do not provide page numbers. Sometimes the source will have paragraph numbers that you can use for your parenthetical citation. The Works Cited entry appears as follows:. Sometimes more information is necessary to identify the source from which a quotation is taken. For instance, if two or more authors have the same last name, provide both authors' first initials or even the authors' full name if different authors share initials in your citation. For a source with three or fewer authors, list the authors' last names in the text or in the parenthetical citation:.
For a source with more than three authors, use the work's bibliographic information as a guide for your citation. Provide the first author's last name followed by et al. If you cite more than one work by a particular author, include a shortened title for the particular work from which you are quoting to distinguish it from the others.
Put short titles of books in italics and short titles of articles in quotation marks. Citing two articles by the same author:. Additionally, if the author's name is not mentioned in the sentence, you would format your citation with the author's name followed by a comma, followed by a shortened title of the work, followed, when appropriate, by page numbers:. To cite multiple sources in the same parenthetical reference, separate the citations by a semi-colon:.
More specifically, whatever signal word or phrase you provide to your readers in the text, must be the first thing that appears on the left-hand margin of the corresponding entry in the Works Cited List. For example: Wordsworth stated that Romantic poetry was marked by a "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" Romantic poetry is characterized by the "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" Wordsworth Wordsworth extensively explored the role of emotion in the creative process We see so many global warming hotspots in North America likely because this region has "more readily accessible climatic data and more comprehensive programs to monitor and study environmental change.
Although some medical ethicists claim that cloning will lead to designer children R. Miller 12 , others note that the advantages for medical research outweigh this consideration A. Miller