Open Document. Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper. Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly. With all these businesses making new factories they needed many workers to help operate these machines. Many people in need of a job would line up and wait to be hired because these people were so desperate for work, factory owners would set their wages as low as they would like.
People were willing to work as long as they got paid.
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Weebly, Industrial Revolution The Working conditions in the factories were terrible as well, they had to work long hours with little to no time for lunch or breaks, and children had to do many dangerous jobs that could cause them to lose Better Essays words 3. There were several factors that played a role in why the industrial revolution began in England.
One of the most important factors that played a role was the rich land. The land at this point in time had numerous different natural resources that could be used to benefit the country.
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The land had an enormous amount of different resources such as coal, iron, wool, cotton, and lead. Another major benefit of the geography of the land was how the furthest point in the country from sea was only seventy miles away Better Essays words 1. The industrial revolution shaped modern society, without the technology invented and the social changes instilled the world would be irrevocably different.
The industrial revolution brought rapid development to the social order, quickly altering the way people lived and interacted with each other due to hastily growing cities, new technology, and conservative morals Its roots did not lie in the technologies of Arkwright and Watt but in profound changes that had taken place in society over hundreds of years.
Crash Course World History: The Industrial Revolution
The problem facing all early societies lay in what Clark calls the "Malthusian trap", in honour of Thomas Malthus , who showed that living standards in pre-industrial societies would always be driven back down to a subsistence minimum by population growth, as long as technological advance was slow. In pre-industrial societies women typically had five children. If living standards were good, most of those children survived to adulthood and rapid population growth followed. But with limited resources, only two of those five children survived to adulthood and the population remained stable.
Prof Clark explains that advances in the pre-industrial world, such as innovations in agriculture that boosted crop yields, did allow for a larger population to be supported world population grew from perhaps , in , BC to million by but as long as society was in the Malthusian trap, these innovations could not allow living standards to rise in the long term. In all pre-industrial societies in the Malthusian trap, some types of people were more successful at survival and passing on their genes, as Charles Darwin argued.
In the case of hunter-gatherer and "shifting cultivation" societies such as the Yanomamo of the Amazon basin, alpha males who killed the highest number people tended to sire the most children. But in settled agrarian societies, with law and order, reproductive success shifted from the violent to the prosperous.
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We can see this in feudal England, where the successful reproduction of the richest, not strongest, dates back to the Middle Ages. Records show, says Prof Clark, that "unusually in England, this selection for men was based on economic success from at least , not success in violence".
Industrial revolution essay
Later, around , we can use an unusual source - the wills of 2, Englishmen, from squires to shepherds - to figure out even more exactly how reproductive and economic success were linked. These wills reveal how rich men were at death and also how many surviving children they had. Prof Clark concluded that wealth, not social status or literacy, was the best predictor of the number of surviving children. Overall, the rich were leaving twice as many children as the poor.
Survival of the fittest here meant survival of the richest. He argued that this meant downward social mobility, as the poor failed to reproduce themselves and the rich produced surplus children who were then forced to take over the occupations of the poor. The more abundant children of the rich had to slide down the social hierarchy to find work, bringing with them bourgeois values.
Industrial Revolution: Definition and Inventions | macohynotin.ga - HISTORY
Consequently, today's population is largely descended from the economic upper classes of the Middle Ages. The downwardly mobile had a radically different outlook from the poor, who were more attuned to the outlook of the early agriculturalists, whom Prof Clark regards not as noble savages but "impulsive, violent, innumerate, illiterate and lazy". The spread of the progeny of the wealthy introduced characteristics such as hard work, patience and peacefulness. The rise in the preference for saving money over the instant consumption of it was mirrored by a steady decline in interest rates from to Haven't found the right essay?
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follow Significant changes took place towards the end of the 19th Century. Industrialization was born and the US transitioned from a big agricultural economy to an industrial society.