Term paper proposal outline

Once your topic has been selected, you are well on your way to writing the rest of your proposal and then moving on to the paper itself. Now that you have a topic, you can write a paragraph about what your paper will cover. Write a few sentences describing your topic and what information will be included in the final paper. This is a great way to keep yourself on track as you write the paper itself, but also gives your reader probably your professor an idea of what to expect when you turn in the final draft.

This is also the place to include your working title. This allows the information to flow smoothly and ensures that you include all pertinent information in a logical way. In the body of your term paper proposal, use the title of each section as a header, then below it, go into a bit more detail about what exactly will be included in each. For example, you might include a section on the background of your topic and a section about what results you found if you conducted any kind of experimental research as part of your paper.

Chances are that when you submit your term paper proposal, your instructor is going to be looking for why your topic and your final paper are important. To create this article, 85 people, some anonymous, worked to edit and improve it over time.

Together, they cited 8 references. This article has also been viewed 1,, times. Learn more Writing Your Own Term Paper. Choose your topic. Try to make it as creative as possible; if you're given the opportunity to choose your own, take advantage of this. Choose something you're particularly interested in because this will make it easier to write; in particular, try to select the topic as a result of pressing questions you already know you want to search for answers to. Once you've decided on a topic, be sure to hone down it to a do-able topic; often a topic is initially too broad in its coverage, which will make it impossible to complete within the time and space constraints given.

What is the purpose of a term paper?

Narrow down your topic to something that can really be worked within the boundaries of the paper. If the topic is already chosen for you, start exploring unique angles that can set your content and information apart from the more obvious approaches many others will probably take. Take great care not to choose a topic and be so set on how you see the outcome of your paper that you're closed to new ideas and avenues of thinking as you work through the paper. This is known in academia as "premature cognitive commitment". Instead, ask continuous questions about the topic at each stage of your research and writing and see the topic in terms of a " hypothesis " rather than as a conclusion.

In this way, you'll be prepared to be challenged and to even have your opinion changed as you work through the paper.

Writing a research proposal

Reading other people's comments, opinions and entries on a topic can often help you to refine your own, especially where they comment that "further research" is required or where they posit challenging questions but leave them unanswered. For some more help, see How to establish a research topic.

How to Write a Proposal Essay/Paper | Owlcation

Do your research. It's pointless to launch into writing before you've done the research. You need to understand the background to the topic and the current thinking, as well as finding out what future research is considered necessary in the area. Go into research with a sense of adventure and an openness to learning things you've yet to grasp, as well as being ready to discover new ways of looking at old problems.

When researching, use both primary original text, document, legal case, interviews, experiment, etc.

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There is also a place for discussing with like-minded students and even finding online discussions about the topic if you feel comfortable doing this but these discussions are for idea-sharing and helping you to gel your ideas and are not usually quotable sources. For more information, here are some helpful resources to check out: How to research a paper.

How to take notes , How to take better notes , How to take notes from a textbook , How to take notes on a book and How to take Cornell notes.

Outline for term paper

Refine your thesis statement. After you've done the research, reflect back over the chosen topic. At this point, it's essential to pinpoint the single, strong idea you'll be discussing, your assertion that you believe you can defend throughout the paper and that makes it clear to a reader what they're about to learn about and be given a sound conclusion on.

Your thesis statement is the spine of your essay, the idea that you'll go on to defend in the paragraphs that follow.

Essentials of How to Write a Term Paper

Serve it up half-baked and the remainder of the paper is bound to be flavorless. Construct a thesis that your research has proven is interesting to you — that way, backing it up won't be such a bore. Once you're satisfied that your topic is sound and clarified, proceed to writing your first draft. And nor does the thesis statement, necessarily. Allow room for flexibility as you continue working through both the research and the writing, as you may wish to make changes that align with the ideas forming in your mind and the discoveries you continue to unearth.

On the other hand, do be careful not to be a continuous seeker who never alights upon a single idea for fear of confinement. At some point you are going to have to say: "Enough is enough to make my point here! Develop an outline for the paper. Some people can work on a term paper skipping this step; they're a rare and often time-pressed breed. It is far better to have an outline sketched out so that you know where you're headed, just as a road map helps you to know where you're going from A to B.

Like the entire paper, the outline is not set in stone but subject to changes. However, it does give you a sense of structure and a framework to fall back on when you lose your way mid paper and it also serves as the skeleton of your paper, and the rest is just filling in the details. There are different approaches to developing an outline and you may even have your own personal, preferred method. Descriptive or explanatory paragraphs following the introduction, setting the background or theme.

Using your research, write out the main idea for each body paragraph. Any outstanding questions or points you're not yet sure about. See How to write an outline for more details. Make your point in the introduction. The introductory paragraph is challenging but avoid turning it into a hurdle. Of all the paper, this is the part often most likely to be rewritten as you continue working through the paper and experience changes of direction, flow and outcome.

As such, see it as simply a means of getting started and remind yourself that it's always revisable. This approach allows you the freedom to mess it up but rectify it as needed. Try using HIT as the means for getting your introduction underway: [7] H ook the reader using a question or a quote. Or perhaps relate a curious anecdote that will eventually make absolute sense to the reader in the context of the thesis.

I ntroduce your topic. Be succinct, clear and straightforward. T hesis statement. This should have been clarified already in the previous step. Don't forget to define the words contained in the question! Words like " globalization " have many differing meanings and it's important to state which ones you'll be using as part of your introductory section.

Convince the reader with your body paragraphs. Make sure each paragraph supports your argument in a new way. Not sure your body's up to task? Try isolating the first sentence of each paragraph; together, they should read like a list of evidence that proves your thesis. Try to relate the actual subject of the essay say, Plato's Symposium to a tangentially related issue you happen to know something about say, the growing trend of free-wheeling hookups in frat parties. Conclude with strength. O ne important detail which is usually found in your last paragraph.

C onclude — wrap it up. C lincher — where you give the reader something left to think about. Show some style. Using outside sources? Each has a precise notation system, so if you're unsure of the rules, check the manual online versions are available at owl. Peppering quotes throughout your text is certainly a good way to help make your point, but don't overdo it and take care not to use so many quotes as the embodiment of your points that you're basically allowing other authors to make the point and write the paper for you.

Avoid cutting and pasting from other people's arguments.