How to Write a Conclusion for a Research Paper?
Aim to leave the reader with a clear understanding of the main discovery or argument that your research has advanced. Table of contents Discussion vs conclusion Length of the conclusion Answer the research question Summarize and reflect on the research Make recommendations Emphasize your contributions Finish your thesis Checklist. The conclusion contains similar elements to the discussion , and sometimes these two sections are combined especially in shorter papers and journal articles.
The conclusion chapter should be shorter and more general than the discussion. Instead of discussing specific results and interpreting the data in detail, here you make broad statements that sum up the most important insights of the research. An empirical scientific study will often have a short conclusion that concisely states the main findings and recommendations, while a humanities thesis might require more space to conclude its analysis and tie all the chapters together in an overall argument. Scribbr Plagiarism Checker.
- Step 10: Research Paper Conclusion.
- Writing a Conclusion.
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The conclusion should begin from the main question that your thesis or dissertation aimed to address. In a thesis that set out to solve a practical problem with empirical research, the conclusion might begin like this:. This research aimed to identify effective fundraising strategies for environmental non-profit organizations. Based on a quantitative and qualitative analysis of donation intention in response to campaign materials, it can be concluded that social distance and temporal distance are important factors to consider when designing and targeting campaigns.
The results indicate that potential donors are more receptive to images portraying a large social distance and a small temporal distance. In a thesis that set out to make a theoretical argument based on an analysis of case studies, it might begin like this:. By analyzing changing representations of migration and UK border policy in the past ten years, this thesis has shown how media discourse can directly and indirectly shape political decision-making. Note that in the second example, the research aim is not directly restated, but is implicit in the statement the research aimed to analyze the relationship between media discourse and migration policy.
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To avoid repeating yourself, it is helpful to reformulate your aims and questions into an overall statement of what you did and how you did it. The conclusion is an opportunity to remind the reader why you took the approach you did, what you expected to find, and how well the results matched your expectations.
It should give an overview of the steps you took in conducting your research or building your argument. To avoid repetition , instead of just writing a summary of each chapter, you can write more reflectively here.
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You might consider how effective your methodology was in answering your research questions, and whether any new questions or unexpected insights arose in the process. Consequently, it is difficult for comparisons to be drawn between published case studies. More complete and accurate documentation of cold-water immersion incidents-including time of submersion; time of recovery; and a profile of the victim including age, sex, physical condition-will facilitate easier comparison of individual situations and lead to a more complete knowledge of the processes affecting long-term survival rates for drowning victims.
Once we have a clearer understanding of the relationship between hypothermia and the mammalian diving reflex, and of the effect of such factors as the age of the victim, physicians and rescue personnel can take steps to improve patient care both at the scene and in the hospital. Scarpellini uses her conclusion to reiterate her main points about the author making what could be a dull topic entertaining and offering a suggestion for a future edition.
Take a look at how she wraps it all up:. Aviation History is a collection of significant events in aviation accented by the people who made it happen and correlated with world affairs. The book's use of color and vivid stories helps to make the advancements come to life as something more than significant events on a timeline. While at times the stories may clutter the page, they also breathe life into what is considered by many to be a dull subject.
The author's enthusiasm for the topic is obvious throughout the book. More thorough proofreading could help alleviate some of the confusion that is caused by typos and a few mislabeled illustrations. The credibility of the content does not suffer due to these obvious errors which will likely be corrected in the next edition.
Here we have a college entrance essay worth reading. In the conclusion she refers back to the blue armchair and that cozy world but also looks forward to finding her niche. You'll see why Johns Hopkins uses this on their website for the model of college entrance essays:. I make a mean latte, often topping my creations with adorable foam cats. I adore Broadway musicals and am always ready to showcase my dancing at a flash mob.
I passionately believe in advocating for human rights, actively engaging in Amnesty International's initiatives. To say that I have figured out all of who I am would be a lie. Unlike the world of fantasy, there is no single defining moment-no Excalibur, no Sorting Hat-that marks my complete evolution. My niche in the world constantly changes, but what remains steadfast is my commitment to a life of service and adventure, albeit it isn't as cozy as the blue armchair.
Take some time over your conclusion. Remember, it's an opportunity to pull your thoughts together and magnify the central theme of your writing.
Definition and Importance of Conclusion
There are various categories of words depending on your topic and academic level. Just print them out to have in front of your eyes, when completing the paper. When you read books or articles online, try to pay attention to such words and see in what context they are used. Transition words are always a sign of an experienced writer, who knows how to make the text smooth and readable. Another useful advice is to ask your readers instead of giving them all the answers.
This approach is mainly good for social or political topics, which can give the reader a freedom to think about their own ideas on the matter. This method may not be appropriate for scientific works or papers, which require a clear answer on a given question.
Essay conclusion - OWLL - Massey University
Make sure the question you ask is appropriate for the context of your work. The question you choose should be relevant to the main idea and goal of your research. If you make a call-to-action, make sure to give recommendations on what actions you find the most effective ones. Actually, a call-to-action is one of the best ways of ending your research paper, as it motivates the reader to explore the topic further, provide personal ideas and get involved in a discussion.
Personal engagement is always a great idea not depending what the topic of your research is. They sound too unprofessional and unnatural.
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You should also avoid obvious matters and make your work more personalized and adjusted to the topic. Try to state your thesis not only in the introduction and conclusion but also in your body paragraphs. You should also avoid introducing new elements in the final section of your work, as it may distract the reader from the main point. Stick to the statements you have made in the previous paragraphs. Another useful advice is to remain objective and back every issue with evidence, avoiding personal approach and subjectivity.
Avoid first person, as it is very informal and forbidden in academic assignments. Below you can get familiar with free examples of research paper conclusions and use them to write your own! In case you lack inspiration or want to boost your imagination, there is a great way! You can download examples of research paper conclusions online. They will give you an idea of how this section should look like and you can simply adjust the one you like to your own needs.
Nowadays teachers have access to plagiarism software, so can easily detect whether your conclusion is original or not. To be on a safe side, you should write your conclusion on your own even if you find a sample, which is written on the same topic and renders similar thoughts.